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Panda, a common typing and binding worker in State Grid for 21 years. Own a bachelor degree of Chinese Language and Literature, and a certificate of teaching Chinese. She is pursuing a Master of Chinese Classical Literature in HuBei University, and studying the novels of Ming & Qing dynasties.
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如何拍出与众不同的照片How to Make Distinctive Pictures?    

By Panda
3740 Views | 6 Comments | 9/23/2013 3:36:16 PM

figure 1

Written by Jk-xuan, translated by Cao Hui
很多人认为摄影的好坏只关乎到手上的技术,常常会有人问该打什么样的灯,开什么样的曝光,选什么样的场景,用什么样的模特,结果却常常只能得到千篇一律的东西。这次我就带大家从另一个角度探讨如何进步。摄影关乎的不止器材,用光,想法某个单一的方面,能把这些均匀的调和到一起才能成为一个合格的摄影师。一千个人眼中有一千个哈姆雷特,只要相信你所看到的世界是属于自己的,就能拍出出色的作品来,仅以此文与大家共勉.
Many people think that the stand or fall of photography is just about the hand technology. Someone often ask what kind of lamp, what kind of exposure, choose what kind of scene, with what kind of model, the results are often only getting the same thing. This time I will take you from another angle to discuss how to progress. Photography is about more than equipment, lighting, thought a single aspect, who can evenly put these mixed together to become a qualified photographer. One thousand people's eyes, there are one thousand Hamlets. As long as believe the world you see where is belong to yourself, you can produce excellent works. Only in this article to share with everyone.
一,前期的准备,有思想才能出好照片
A, The preparation, a thinking to make good photos
二,我的摄影三要素,让照片立于不败之地
B, The three elements of my photography, let photos in an impregnable position
三,找出自己的视角,在已有基础上放胆发挥
C, Find out our own perspective, on the basis of existing boldly play
四,后期思路,以每张照片的情感作为调味料
D, The late train of thought, with each photo emotions as seasoning
一、前期的准备,有思想才能出好照片
A, The preparation, a thinking to make good photos
每一场拍摄,前期的准备都无比重要,但是光说准备服装道具这些是完全不够的,你的照片想表达什么才是整次拍摄的核心,一切都是为了想要传达的东西服务。照相机本身是不负这个责任的,你要让你的照片变得有含义,就要通过自我赋予。看一本好书,一场好电影都是不错的选择,摄影和其他艺术一样,自我修养决定了作品的深度。需要用自己平常来源于生活的点滴感悟来拍,就算是同样的模特,同样的场景同样的道具,也能拍出不同于别人的照片了。
Every shooting, that the preparation is very important, but just said costumes and props, these are completely not enough, you want to express in your pictures that is the core of the whole time filming, everything serve what you want to convey. Camera itself without the responsibility, what meanings do you want to make your photos, will be given by yourself. To read a good book, watch a good movie all is right choice, photography and other arts, self-improvement determines the depth of the work. Need to use your usual feelings derived from the life to shoot, even the same model, the same scene, the same items, can also take out the different from other people's photos.
二、我的摄影三要素,让照片立于不败之地
B, The three elements of my photography, let photos in an impregnable position
说起实战技巧,我对它们的总结用一句很俗的俗语来概括的话就是天时,地利,人和。拍摄的技巧可以说是千变万化的,但无非都包含在这三点里面,学会在这三点中灵活变通和吸取教训,你的进步将会非常明显。
Speaking of actual combat skills, I was quoted as saying, "Good timing,geographical convenience and harmonious human relations.” Shooting skills can be said is protean, but no more than is contained in these three points, learn to be flexible in these three points and lessons learned, your progress will be evident.
天时在于对拍摄的时间选择,光线选择上,我不会说清晨傍晚光线柔和适合拍照而中午就不适合拍照,但是一定要清楚在哪一段的时间光是怎么照的适合拍哪一种照片。图1我选择在下午3-4点太阳斜射正好从西边射入窗口的时段,这样光线强烈色彩充沛,光线充满戏剧感。而在成都的话到了4-5点根本不可能有这样的光线射入教室内。而图2我基本上是在正午11点在户外拍摄的,用了较小的光圈来减少曝光量,但正午强烈的阳光使得模特脸部各个角度都光照充匀,经过后期的处理使皮肤变得通透白皙,给人清新舒适的感觉。
Good time is to the choices of shooting time, light. I won't say early in the morning or at dusk the light is downy for photos and is not suitable for taking pictures at noon, but you must know which period how the light illuminate for what kind of photos. Figure 1, 3:00 to 4:00PM, I chose the time when the sunshine moves into the window from the west, such strong light color, light filled with drama. 4:00 to 5 :00PM in Chengdu, it is impossible to have such a light into the classroom. And figure 2, I am basically 11 o 'clock at noon outdoor filming, the smaller aperture is used to reduce exposure, but the sun at noon makes all angles, filling light face through late processing make the skin become fair, give spectators pure, fresh and comfortable feeling.
地利正如同字面意思所说,每当有一张好照片的时候大家一定会有人出来问这是在哪儿拍的,其实找地方的诀窍也在于眼睛和腿,有些地方虽说出名,但是既然出名肯定很多人去,没有无风险的冒险,尽量自己发现属于自己的拍摄地,有很多好地方或许并不出名,只是一棵大树,一块草坪。但只有你走到那个地方亲眼看到了,才能明白自己的照片到底适不适合在这儿拍摄。
Geographical convenience as literally said, whenever there is a good photo, someone will ask where it is shot. In fact, looking for local know-how also lies in the eyes and legs, though in some places are famous, but where certainly lots of people would go to, no risk is the adventure without risk, as far as possible to find our own location, there are a lot of nice places may not be known, just a big tree, a piece of lawn. But only you go to that place to see by your eyes, to understand your photos will fit here or not.
摄影其实是一种很私密的事情,好的摄影一定是深入人心的,我也把它看作是一种与人或者与世界交流的方式,摄影就像是一面镜子,一张好的照片中既照出了被摄体的心境,也可以反映出自我所想。而人和,其实才是照片中的精髓部分,前两步也是为这一步创造良好条件罢了,拍照之前一定要提前沟通,确定“你想表达什么”和“我想表达什么”。如只是单纯的找一个完全和自己没有交集的人来拍摄是拍不出好照片的。照片不是拍摄者自己创作,而是摄者和被摄者共同完成的。要作为一个采访者把被摄者的情绪从她的心中引出,注意是“引出”而不是“表现”哦~如果是“表现”的话一切就都变味了。让被摄体快速的融入自己的心境,从而自然流露,加上适当的光线和场景,一张张好的写真就完成了。
Photography is indeed a very private matter, good photography must be deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, I also see it as a kind of communicate with people or the world, photography is like a mirror, a good photo in the light of both your subject's state of mind, also can reflect the ego thought. Harmonious human relations, in fact is the quintessence of the pictures, the first two steps create good conditions for this step, must communicate in advance, before taking photos to determine "what do you want to express" and "what do I want to express”. Such as simply find a person completely no overlap with myself to photograph will not get a good photo. Photo is not the photographer wrote himself, but is completed together by the subject and photographer. As an interviewer to elicit emotions of the subject from her heart, pay attention to "elicit" instead of "performance" oh ~ if it is the "performance" , that's all gone sour. Let your subject quickly into their state of mind, so naturally reveal, with appropriate lighting and scene, every good photo is completed.
三、找出自己的视角,在已有基础上放胆发挥
C, Find out our own perspective, on the basis of existing boldly play
如果已经具备良好的天气,合适的地点还有和被摄者的深入交流之后,接下来就是看摄影师手上的功夫了。构图没有所谓的定式,比起形式化的构图,不妨以现场发生的事或现象作为优先考量。可以把构图看作是一把锋利的刀子,把画面打散然后重组起来。我是用我的一位美术老师的方法来判断如何构图的。如图3把画面切割成几个块面,如果每一个块面的面积都不一样,那么照片的可看性就会增强很多,如果把它分割成一样的块面,则会让人觉得死板单调。良好的画面感也来自于平日对美学的积累,但不论如何构图,都要把你最想表达的那一点放在画面最明显的位置,这样使得整个画面有趋向性,有东西可说。
If you have good weather, suitable location and in-depth communication with subject, then there is the kung fu of photographer . There is no pattern composition, compared with the formal composition, might as well to the scene happened or phenomenon as a priority. The composition can be regarded as a sharp knife, scatter images and restructuring. I take one method of my art teacher to judge how to compose images. As shown in figure 3, cut the image into several blocks, if each surface area is different, the worth-seeing of the photo will be increase a lot, if put it into the same area, people would feel rigid and drab. Good sense of pictures is also from normal aesthetic of accumulation, but no matter how the composition is, all need to put one of you want to express in the most obvious location of the picture , so make the whole picture with a tendency, have something to say.
四、后期思路,以每张照片的情感作为调味料
D, The late train of thought, with each photo emotions as seasoning
数码的照片出来和胶片的区别实在太大,也许更接近真实吧,所以后期的必要性不仅是美化照片本身,更是可以起到调节观者情绪的一个重要工具。如图4中其实现场的光线并非如此暖,但是在我看来用温暖的色彩来融化观者比追求色温的真实性要更加有用一些,我甚至把图中很多原本绿色的树叶都变成了黄色来确保画面色调的统一性。如果是悲伤的照片色调也会变冷,如果拍摄时是清新的感觉的话色彩也会变得清新而跳跃,你所需要的是发现并记住你拍摄当时的心情并且把它带入后期,而不是一味的将照片往各个调色教程里面套,这样很快你的内心所想也会体现在照片里,不会变得单调乏味了。
The difference from digital photos as film is too large, maybe closer to the true, the necessity of late is an important tool, it is not only beautify the picture itself, but also can rise to adjust the viewer emotion. As shown in figure 4, the light of the scene is not so warm, but in my opinion, use warm color to melt the viewer is more useful than the pursuit of the authenticity of color temperature, I even become a lot of the original green leaves to yellow, ensure that the picture color uniformity. If it is a sad picture, color also can become cold, if when shooting is pure and fresh sense, color will become pure and fresh and jumping, all you need is to find and remember your mood at that time and put it into the late, rather than blindly put photos to toning tutorial set, that soon your heart will be reflected in the picture, does not become monotonous.

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Comments
(Showing 1 to 6 of 6) 1
#2013-09-23 20:17:39 by yeranyi @yeranyi

写的真好

#2013-09-24 19:10:33 by shellnong @shellnong

great ! thank you so much !

#2013-09-25 09:34:16 by anonymous7410 @anonymous7410

我得承认,摄影确实是一门很难掌握好的技术活,如果要想拍好一张照片的话,是需要懂得很多这方面的技巧,我以前曾在照片洗印车间工作过,那些拍的好照片让人看了,和那些拍的普通一般的照片比,简直差别太大了,好的照片看过后,既使不懂摄影的人,也会啧啧的 赞不绝口,他虽不懂用专业术语评论是怎么个好法,但就知道,‘它于众不同,很美,说的俗点,就好比让美女 安吉丽娜.朱丽 还有 苏菲.玛索 的旁边,站着两个普通的女人,那种强烈的反差感一下子就出来了,呵呵,,看了你写的摄影有感和你拍的照片,看的出你的摄影技巧基本已接近了炉火纯青,也让我这个门外汉对摄影产生了一些兴趣。

#2013-09-25 14:50:15 by panda2009 @panda2009

@anonymous7410
是我儿子写的,我翻译成英文。他今年才二十一岁,刚大学毕业,这是他毕业前写的,我一共发现了三篇,都进摄影教程了。还准备译一篇关于拍闺蜜照的文章。有一篇关于调色的文章写得最棒,可惜图片被挂了,我要儿子将图片还原进文章,他很不赖烦,说找不到了,叫我别煩他。他爷爷说,看来我们低估他了,原来以为他只拿着相机到处拍片旅游赚点小钱。没想到他还有如此好的文字表达能力。做成ppt,加上他文艺亲和的外型,若上讲台,肯定讨人喜欢。哦,对了,他可是拿到了文学学士学位的。不爱学英语,政治课,关键时刻还是买卷子做题,通过了英语三级,今年顺利毕业。毕业后赶紧租房,呆在成都市中心。前一篇博文讲了一些他的近况,敬请关注,谢谢!

#2013-09-26 02:38:26 by anonymous7413 @anonymous7413

哈哈,, 我敢打赌,要不了几年,你儿子一定会成为当地远近闻名小有名气的摄影师!我为你感到骄傲!

#2013-10-01 16:20:59 by jade01 @jade01

学习了, 多谢你的分享, 你儿子小小年纪却很有天分也很努力,做妈妈的一定很骄傲!

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